The use and occupation of the land is regulated by the Physical Planning Act No. 6 of 2003. This Law assigns to the Development Control Authority (DCA-) the responsibility for the implementation of the land use and occupation policies defined by the National Government. The Executive Director of the DCA is not only responsible for the administration and operation of the planning system but also for the realization and the update of studies on the state of land use and development planning in Antigua and Barbuda. Moreover, It is also responsible for the preparation of development plans related to these lands (Law No. 6 of 2003).
The functions of the DCA are related to the roles of three other institutions that also take part in the use and management of the land: the Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Fisheries & Barbuda Affairs, the Central Housing and Planning Authority -CHAPA- and the St. John's Development Corporation -SJDC-.
The Land Division of the Ministry of Agriculture, Lands, Fisheries & Barbuda Affairs is responsible for the general administration of properties owned by the state. Its mission focuses on the application of modern and innovative practices that contribute to food security, efficient management of land use and sustainable development of natural resources. Its mandate is to plan and allocate government land for residential, agricultural and other uses and to administer land leases and rentals on behalf of the Government of Antigua and Barbuda.
The CHAPA has the mission of promoting access to housing, the distribution of land and related services. Lastly, the John's Development Corporation-SJDC was created by Law (Chapter 392 of 1986) with the power to carry out construction, maintenance, engineering and operations within the capital city of St. John's. and to prepare development plans in areas of the city that establish the way in which the land should be used and distributed.
There are no coordination-articulation mechanisms between these four agencies, which leads them to act independently
The land public administration only has two territorial instances: central and local (districts). There is no intermediate level.