Convergence between Plan and 2030 Agenda

Grenada's National Sustainable Development Plan 2020-2035 sets out the vision for the country's sustainable development and long-term transformation.

This Plan provides strategic direction to steer the Tri-island State towards achieving Vision 2035 and as such, it puts forward localised solutions thar are aimed at fundamentally improving the way Grenadians live, work, treat natural environment and interact with institutions. The Plan is firmly grounded in Grenadian realities and it is built on the aspirations of the Grenadian people.

It has been formulated on broad-based extensive and intensive dialogue with Grenadians across all spheres.

The strategic focus of the NSDP 2020-2035 rests on the tree sustainable development pillars: society, economy and environment. Accordingly, Vision 2035 is translated into the following three National Goals:

  1. Goal #1: High human and social development: putting people at the center of sustainable development and transformation.
  2.  
  3. Goal #2: Vibrant, dynamic, competitive economy with supporting climate and disaster resilient infrastructure. 
  4.  
  5. Goal #3: Environmental sustainability and security.

The National Goals are mapped into eight National Outcomes, which are improvements or positive changes in institutions, systems, communities, behaviors, living conditions or knowledge.

Each National Outcome is linked to relevant Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The National Outcomes are:

  1. #1 A healthy populations
  2.  
  3. #2 Educated, productive, highly-skilled, trained and conscious citizens
  4.  
  5. #3 A resilient, inclusive gender-sensitive and peaceful society
  6.  
  7. #4 Broad-based, inclusive and sustainable economic growth and transformation
  8.  
  9. #5 Competitive business environment
  10.  
  11. #6 Modern climate and disaster resilient infrastructure
  12.  
  13. #7 Climate resilience and hazard risk reduction
  14.  
  15. #8 Energy security and efficiency

To achieve each outcome the Plan sets out a total of 217 strategic actions that are spread across the eight outcomes and three goals.

National vision:

"Grenada a resilient and prosperous nations, with a conscious and caring citizenry, promoting human dignity, and realising its full potential through sustainable economic, social and environmental progress for all".

 

NATIONAL GOAL #1: High Human and Social Development: Putting People at the Center of Sustainable Development and Transformation

National Outcome #1: A Healthy Population

The National Strategic Actions to achieve this outcome are:

2.Reform tax system to generate adequate funds to improve UHC in Grenada, including NHI.

Earmark tax revenues to fund specific health outcomes.

3. Incorporate preventive health in UHC

The interventions should be designed to reduce risk associated with communicable and non-communicable diseases. Exercise, nutrition, wellness, and psychosocial support must be provided as part of the health care services.

4. Promote stronger emphasis on healthy (local) foods and lifestyles for children

Modernise the 4H Club and School Gardening Programme with climate-smart agricultural practices to promote healthy eating and physical activity among children.

5. Make CPR and first aid training compulsory in all schools as well as for the general public.

6. Implement health programmes that target the life course to ensure adequate care is available to meet the needs at each stage of development.

Programmes such as community-based parenting, adolescent, and senior health programmes can be introduced and supported throughout the health care system.

8.Examine the health implications and impacts of motor vehicular accidents, and injuries inflicted on self and injuries sustained from others (health care costs, life expectancy, disabilities) and use data to inform programming.

9. Design targeted programmes to reduce the rates of diabetes and hypertension among women, and respond to the higher incidence of disability among women and girls.

10.Improve responses to persons affected by mental illness including addictions and strengthen institutional and human capacity of the Mental Hospital.

11.Increase the proportion of the population that access care, ensuring pre-paid services, providing a wider range of services, and improving the quality of service delivery.

The benefits basket can include primary health care, specialised care, medical devices, and pharmaceutical services with an emphasis on health promotion and prevention at the community level.

12. Provide rights-based health care that promotes solidarity to ensure that those with the most needs are given priority to receive services.

13. Conduct monitoring of population health and evaluation of interventions on a regularised basis to inform and revise priorities in the health sector and to create public awareness of the status of health.

Primary and/or secondary data should be collected and analysed and the information disseminated to a wide cross-section of stakeholders including the public.

14. Create/expand strategic partnerships in health

The role of CBOs should be clearly outlined and defined in corporate plans. There should be a shared vision by Government and NGOs.

15.Construct and staff a rehabilitation/detox center with appropriate and culturally fit good practices to provide support for sobriety and reduce the health and social burden associated with the abuse of illegal drugs and alcohol.

16. Increase targeted programmes to improve men’s health to close the 5-year gap in life expectancy between men and women.

17.Conduct research on environmental and occupational risks in collaboration with academic institutions.

Capture and analyse the information in the national health information system routinely to inform health policies and interventions. Strengthen laboratory capacity for analysis.

18.Relocate the General Hospital in the medium-to-long term to an area that is more tranquil, therapeutic, and easily accessible.

In the interim, invest in sea ambulances to provide alternative means of transport to the Hospital.

19. Establish a teaching hospital to provide a wider range of specialised services to the Grenadian population.

Health specialists should also be resident in Princess Royal Hospital in Carriacou and Petite Martinique, and in Princess Alice Hospital.

21.Upgrade the community health centers to function as polyclinics and provide a wider range of health services in communities including ambulance service, x-ray and ultrasound services, health and wellness centers, and observation units.

22.Gradually expand opening hours of community health centers to a 24-hour basis (starting with a pilot in the largest parish).

25.Develop and implement a national sports policy and strategy that is aligned with other sector strategies including health, tourism, and education.

27.Develop more local professional leagues in athletics, football, netball, cricket, basketball, tiquando, tennis, swimming, sailing and other water sports.

30.Develop a proper scouting programme and expand career opportunities for athletes.

31. Adopt international standards for capacity building and training of sports administrators, coaches, and other sporting personnel.

32.Address gender differences in sport through public education programmes to attract and retain both girls and women and boys and girls in various sporting activities.

National Outcome #2: Educated, Productive, Highly-Skilled, Trained, and Conscious Citizens

The National Strategic Actions to achieve this outcome are:

1.Improve the transformational management capacity of the MOE to promote greater commitment. Strengthen the MOE’s policy implementation monitoring systems.

2.Formalise 5-year strategic reviews of the education system to ensure relevance and impact.

5. Implement intensive Professional Development Programmes for teachers and principals using online resources, as well through strategic partnerships with other academic institutions. Prospective teachers must be trained prior to entering the class room.

6.Conduct rigorous analysis of good practices, strengthen observations of classroom interactions and the use of various technologies and learning materials, and enhance assessments of teacher support and value-based outcomes.

7. Develop an accountability system for school Department Heads at the secondary level that is aimed at improving teaching quality and promoting critical thinking, problem solving, and interpersonal skills among students.

8. Establish performance standards for primary and secondary students. Develop targeted programmes that are data driven to increase performance among students, with specific focus on boys.

9. Mainstream differentiated instruction and differentiated assessments to cater to the individual needs of students.

10. Implement the newly-developed standards in early childhood education and build capacity and technical skills of early childhood educators and practitioners.

11. Institute a programme of teacher exchange across the island and across the region to facilitate shared knowledge and identify good practices in education.

13. Review the curricula and the culture in schools and other educational institutions to align them with the goal ‘to promote the principle and practice of gender equality.

15. Increase the use of more technology-focused activities that foster the development of 21st century skills.

Mainstream the use of digital resources and devices as standard pedagogical resources. 

16. Establish a technology institute and an institutional framework to support Grenada’s transition to a knowledge-based digital economy and society and to build its human capital.

17. Build, upgrade, and maintain education facilities that are child-friendly as well as disability-and gender-sensitive to provide safe, inclusive, and effective learning environments for all.

18. Incorporate new courses into the curricula that teach the fundamentals skills required for the world of work. Strengthen institutional arrangements between education institutions and the Private Sector.

19. Transform the education curricula to ensure relevance for the 21st century. Rationalise programmes, especially at the secondary and tertiary levels.

The curricula should equip students with skills that constitute the foundation for sustainable development.

20. Place greater emphasis on aligning education and training with the future needs of the economy and society.

21. Conduct research to assimilate a foundational approach based on the present initiatives to develop literacy and numeracy skills at pre and primary level.

22. Identify, develop, and implement projects to enhance capacity of schools to fully implement more diversified curricula.

The curricula should include TVET and other priority areas such as ICT, foreign languages, visual and performing arts, sustainability practices and resilience building.

23. Standardise and expand Career Guidance services.

24. Establish a national information management system/repository that can update information on skills requirements to address areas of skills gaps.

25. Make the curricula of schools and tertiary institutions more flexible to cater to student’s mobility and to address current skills gap as well as skills for the future.

Expand alternative pathway programmes and introduce night classes at tertiary institutions to promote lifelong learning and facilitate working adults who choose to up-skill and re- tool.

26. Establish a framework for national qualification.

27. Develop a national youth employment strategy and action plan.

Promote sustainable youth entrepreneurship (start-up capital and other technical support) as well as to address both the supply-side of the labour market (doing more to prepare young people for the workplace) and the demand-side (ensuring that more job opportunities are created).

28. Address fragmentation in the delivery of youth and skills development programmes through holistic and coordinated programming and partnerships.

29. Develop and execute more targeted youth-at-risk programmes that address matters such as conflict resolution, anger management, substance abuse, self- esteem, confidence, civics, values, equality, and spirituality.

30. Design Boys and Girls Mentorship programmes and initiate separate “ALL THINGS BOYS” and “ALL THINGS GIRLS”.

32. Expand organised community-based activities, mentorship programmes, parental education programmes, specialised counselling programmes, and art and drama therapy programmes.

34. Mandate the teaching of civics and Grenada’s history, including the Grenada Revolution, at all levels of the education system, starting at the pre-primary level.

35. Introduce an official national wear that embodies our authentic “Grenadianess.” Recognise national heroes – identify who they are and erect statues in every parish.

National Outcome #3: A Resilient, Inclusive, Gender-Sensitive, and Peaceful Society

The National Strategic Actions to achieve this outcome are:

2. Augment health, education, and social protection information systems to bolster the collection, dissemination, and use of data and evidence for policy formulation and decision making.

6. Enhance the safety of communities by strengthening community policing, reinforcing security forces, establishing/strengthening neighbourhood watch programmes, implementing youth-at- risk programmes.

Youth-at- risk programmes should focus on reducing deviant behaviours, and enhancing rehabilitation programmes at Her Majesty’s Prisons to reduce repeat offenders of petty crimes.

8. Strengthen social protection and child protection measures and mechanisms with service standards, budgets, and clear targets that reflect equity and social inclusion standards.

9. Evaluate and strengthen existing child abuse prevention programmes and develop new community-based programmes to shift the prevention of child abuse from children to adults.

Promote the unacceptability of child sexual abuse, as well as the notion that stopping child sexual abuse is everyone’s responsibility.

11. Investigate the feasibility of establishing a subsidised public school bus system to help promote discipline and reduce risks of potential abuse by drivers and conductors of private buses.

15. Develop and implement mentorship- companionship programmes that bring children and seniors together, with the aim of bridging the generational divide in communities, preserving our culture.

16. Develop family policies that support strong and stable families (including single parent families), as well as legislation to ensure families take better care and responsibility for elderly and vulnerable members.

17. Extend maternity leave to 6 months to be consistent with international guidelines and amend NIS Act/revise NIS policy to facilitate same. Establish an official national policy on paternity leave.

18. Develop an explicit fertility, family-planning, and population policy to ensure that Grenada’s long-term demographics are congruent with its sustainable development objectives.

19. Expand support services for persons with disabilities.

Include community-based rehabilitation programmes and legislation for the modification of buildings and public spaces with supporting regulations for enforcement to expand accessibility.

22. Apply completed gender analyses when planning actions to implement each priority in this National Plan or, where necessary, use suitable expertise to conduct gender analyses that consider inter-sectionalities.

23. Implement the GEPAP and the normative framework for gender equality and the empowerment of women, as well as other Conventions like ILO C189 in a comprehensive manner.

24. Make visible in public policies issues facing girls and young women as those facing boys and young men.

Make use of sex-disaggregated data to inform public policies. 

25. Strengthen institutional structures and implement programmes to reduce the barriers to women's employment, entrepreneurship and leadership and facilitate women's empowerment.

26. Eliminate the gender gap in students’ access to and attainment in TVET skills.

27. Reduce the wage gap by using the principle of equal pay for work of equal value to conduct job evaluations on jobs in the domestic and care sector, clerical fields, and shop assistants to inform the next revision of the Minimum Wages Order.

28. Take steps to advance and monitor the application of the principles of decent work in jobs in the Public and Private Sectors. Increase women’s access to the means of production.

Reduce the barriers to women’s employment.

29. Strengthen the operations of each entity that has specific mandate to provide short- term and long-term responses to gender- based violence and child abuse.

30. Improve the system of offender accountability, including a sexual offenders’ registry.

32. Develop and enforce legislation against explicit and lewd sexual message in music, movies and other forms of entertainment that promote violence against women.

33. Increase emphasis on the prevention of intimate partner violence and sexual abuse, including child sexual abuse.

34. Disseminate the results of the prevalence study on violence against women conducted in 2018 and develop a system for the collection of official administrative data on intimate partner violence and sexual abuse.

35. Take steps to achieve critical mass in all sectors and at all levels of decision-making where it does not now exist, and maintain gender parity where it exists.

National Goal #2: Vibrant, Dynamic, Competitive Economy with Supporting Climate-and-Disaster Resilient Infrastructure

National Outcome #4: Broad-based, Inclusive, and Sustainable Economic Growth and Transformation

The National Strategic Actions to achieve this outcome are:

1. Build Grenada’s agro-processing capacity and invest in agro-processing plants to increase the value- added of agricultural products such as spices, herbs, fruits, and vegetables for local consumption, as well as for exports.

2. Increase investments in freezing and storage facilities.

3. Construct a modern state-of-the-art fish processing facility to facilitate the production and export of canned tuna, fish burgers, fish steaks, and other fish products.

4. Develop a structured programme of incentives, training and business support to attract young men and women to the fishing sector.

5. Prioritise research and development with a view to unleashing untapped potential of the cocoa and nutmeg industries, as well as other crops such as soursop, cassava and moringa.

7. Establish a medical marijuana advisory committee to deliberate on the findings of the 2018 CARICOM Marijuana Report and provide advice and recommendations on a strategic path forward for the development of medical marijuana.

8. Use social media to promote agricultural education and agricultural business ideas and tips.

9. Improve the image of agriculture by emphasising the use of technology in agriculture, highlighting the stories of successful farmers and agribusiness owners, and promoting the benefits of agriculture.

10. Make agricultural science a compulsory subject in all schools at all levels. The syllabus should focus on agribusiness and entrepreneurship, linked to modern technology and innovation.

11. Establish a young farmers’ support programme that prioritises access to land, equipment, tools, financing (grants and low-interest loans), and training for young male and female farmers involved in agribusiness.

12. Introduce an annual “Technology in Agriculture Youth Expo” to get young men and women involved in the creation of technological applications and scientific inventions that can improve agricultural production, practices, and processes.

13. Increase women's access to land, agricultural inputs and financing for agricultural production. Encourage more women, including young women, to become farmers.

14. Upscale investments in mechanisation. Develop Agricultural Applications to connect farmers to local buyers and apply drone technology to help fight praedial larceny.

16. Develop and implement a comprehensive training and capacity building programme in farming communities that focuses on functional literacy and numeracy, as well as financial management and basic business skills.

17. Increase organic production to reduce the reliance on chemicals and pesticides and to support healthy eating.

18. Facilitate the widespread application of climate- smart practices throughout the agricultural sector.

24. Expand the production of flowers, revive flower gardens, and create a new botanical garden.

26. Develop quality standards for the Health and wellness industry and train industry personnel to international standards of health and wellness.

27. Undertake cluster and value chain analysis of Grenada’s Health and Wellness Industry.

(a) exploit natural herbs, spices and medicinal plants.
(b) define a marketing plan for the development of Grenada’s Health and wellness brand.

29. Develop a comprehensive services sector policy and expansion plan that sets out the targets and strategic interventions for growth of Grenada’s Professional Services Sector.

30. Develop a technically and financially resourced implementation framework to support the execution of “Blue” projects and programmes that are innovative, economically viable, and culturally fit.

31. Bolster the enabling governance and institutional arrangements and infrastructure to promote the widespread use of some form of renewable energy.

33. Develop an incentive package to providers of energy services that reduce demand for fossil fuel- generated electricity from the grid.

35. Implement a comprehensive strategy and action plan for the development of the Orange Economy.

It should be underpinned by legislation, enabling infrastructure, and institutional arrangements to support the monetising of our cultural and heritage assets, as well as our creative talents, skills, and imagination.

36. Establish the Grenada Cultural and Heritage Authority by merging the Grenada Cultural Foundation and the Spice Mas Corporation to achieve greater efficiency and impact.

37. Strengthen the capacity of the music industry to create competitive products.

Institutionalise the teaching of Mas production, wire bending, steel pan, the history of Jab Jab, short-knee, Shakespeare mas, fancy mas, and other aspects of our carnival and culture in all schools.

38. Introduce a performing arts curriculum in schools (starting at the primary level), which encapsulates all areas of the creative arts (dance, drama, music, visual arts).

Offer more scholarships in carnival studies.

40. Design a comprehensive strategic action plan to effectively guide the development of the Oil and Gas industry to address issues of institutional governance; institutional arrangements.

42. Establish a “digital technologies development zone” and incentivise the creation of uniquely Grenadian Applications to bring solutions to real Grenadian problems.

National Outcome #5: A Competitive Business Environment

The National Strategic Actions to achieve this outcome are:

3. Strengthen institutional structures and implement programmes to reduce the barriers to women’s employment, entrepreneurship and leadership and facilitate women’s empowerment.

Increase women’s access to the means of production.

4. Develop an integrated institutional framework as well as support services to promote products and services, drawing on skills and capacities regionally and internationally, including within the Grenadian Diaspora.

5.Encourage and support the amalgamation or strategic alliances of MSMEs in similar and/or complementing activities to increase scale, reduce/pool risks, and lower borrowing costs.

10.Create an “ideas bank” to ascertain innovative and creative ideas that can improve production processes and create new high-value added products and activities.

Develop databases for identifying opportunities for innovation and creativity.

13. Design industry-relevant training programmes to improve the school-to-work transition. Start business education at the primary level.

14. Establish certified skills training centres/institutions/sites throughout the island

Train male and female students at secondary and post-secondary levels in a wide range of technology, engineering and creative arts disciplines to meet the demands of the emerging green, blue and orange industries.

15. Incentivise businesses to invest in cutting-edge technological equipment to support increased value- added for example from the production of nutmegs, cocoa, herbs, spices, fruits and vegetables, and marine products.

16. Provide support to businesses and exporters to comply with international standards.

Facilitate the use of an accessible, affordable and internationally-recognised, demand-oriented national quality infrastructure to support the development of a quality culture, whereby all producers and service providers ensure that they meet regulatory and sustainability requirements and most importantly satisfy consumer needs.

National Outcome #6: Modern Climate-and-Disaster-Resilient Infrastructure

The National Strategic Actions to achieve this outcome are:

3. Implement projects for the protection of the Carenage, MBIA, the Marquis to Grenville Corridor, and Grand Anse Beach from sea level rise (Climate- Smart Cities).

4. Mandate that all drivers take a road safety course prior to the issuing of new drivers’ licenses, as well as the renewal of existing drivers’ licenses. Licenses should not be issued/renewed until drivers complete the course.

8. Develop a comprehensive transportation policy and action plan to address:

(a) legislation and enforcement;
(b) regulation;
(c)expanded services (structured night transport and ultimately 24/7 service);
(d) road safety;
(e) road order (structured/designated areas for bus stops across the island);
(f) vehicle importation (incentives for environmentally-friendly vehicles);
(g) licensing;
(h) fare setting for buses and taxies;
(i) parking facilities;
(j) shuttling; and
(k) “flexi” work/commercial time.

14. Update the National Physical Development Plan of Grenada to reflect the country’s sustainable development priorities, which necessitate:

(a) spatial balance of all sectors and industries;
(b) socioeconomic development in all parishes;
(c) land use that supports balanced development and proper zoning; and
(d) multi-sectoral and spatial linkages.

16. Undertake fundamental reforms of the Physical Planning Unit to improve efficiency.

Reforms must be geared at strengthening governance and institutional arrangements, building human and technical capacities building, mainstreaming technology in operations, and improving monitoring, evaluation, enforcement, and accountability.

National Goal # 3: Environmental Sustainability and Security

National Outcome #7: Climate Resilience and Hazard Risk Reduction

The National Strategic Actions to achieve this outcome are:

2. Update existing legislation and/or create and enforce new legislation to support environmental protection and sustainability.

3. Strengthen institutional structures and arrangements to support coordination, mainstreaming, and implementation of climate change adaptation and mitigation actions.

Along with the systematic integration of climate change adaptation into development policies, plans, programmes, projects, budgets, and processes.

4. Strengthen project management capacities to fully integrate the Caribbean Climate Online Risk Adaptation Tool (CCORAL) in the Public Sector Investment Programme (PSIP) process and integrate climate resilience into the public procurement processes.

5. Integrate climate change into education and training Curricula and mainstream into public education.

9. Expand ‘climate-smart lending’ by local financial institutions, as well as their offerings of climate- friendly financial products and services.

10. Enlighten the citizenry to allow for adjusted behavioural responses to climate change and increase community participation to promote environmental consciousness of citizens.

12. Introduce minimum performance standards for renewable energy and geothermal development.

13. Phase out high GWP refrigerants. Reduce Grenada’s Greenhouse gas emissions.

14. Access and encourage the use of low-carbon emission technology within a regulatory framework supporting renewable energy and energy efficiency.

16. Implement an annual trees-planting programme across the Tri-island State.

17. Setup clearing house and data management unit in relation to climate change data and update data regularly.

18. Set up strategy to build local human capacity to assess and respond to climate change; establish climate pool, hire climate experts in Government as well as in the Private Sector.

23. Build capacity of disaster management professionals in analysing and managing the risk situations concerning the most vulnerable groups; build capacities and increase hazard risk awareness among the disaster professionals and service providers.

Establish/legislate a national disaster fund for Grenada, into which both the private and public sectors contribute.

National Outcome #8: Energy Security and Efficiency

The National Strategic Actions to achieve this outcome are:

2. Implement minimum energy performance standards (MEPS) for buildings and products and improve MEPS on a regular basis to continually increase energy efficiency.