Today, 80% of the population of Latin America and the Caribbean lives in cities, where economic, social and political relations are therefore played out. The Observatory plays a part in addressing the challenges set forth in the outcome of Habitat III and in the 2030 Agenda, by reflecting the characteristics of urban planning at the national level and the related policies and legal frameworks.

The Observatory has surveyed 63 urban planning tools in 30 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean

countries have legislation underpinning and governing their urban planning tools

of the urban planning tools surveyed are legislative in nature

of the urban planning tools surveyed are the responsibility of a subnational entity

Country Plan Plan temporality Type Authority Territorial scale
Development Plan of Antigua and Barbuda Medium term Subnational Parishes and dependencies of Antigua and Barbuda Local
Plan Urbano Ambiental de Buenos Aires (Argentina) Long term Subnacional Consejo del Plan Urbano Ambiental de Buenos Aires, Argentina Intermedio
Land Use Plan of Bahamas Long term Subnacional Ministry of Public Works of Bahamas Local
Secondary Plans of Bahamas Long term Subnational Ministry of Public Works of Bahamas Local
Municipal Development Plan Operations Manual of Belize Long term Subnational Districts of Belize Local
City Master Plan of Belize Long term Subnational Belize City Council Intermedio
Plan de Ordenamiento Urbano y Territorial (POUT) de Bolivia Long term Subnacional Entidades territoriales de todo nivel - Bolivia Local
Plan Municipal de Ordenamiento Territorial (PMOT) de Bolivia Long term Subnacional Gobiernos autónomos municipales de Bolivia Local
Planes de Intervención Urbana (PIU) de Bolivia Long term Subnacional Entidades territoriales de todo nivel - Bolivia Local
Plan de Desarrollo Municipal (PDM) de Bolivia Medium term Subnacional Gobiernos autónomos municipales de Bolivia Local
Plan Regulador Intercomunal de Chile Medium term Subnacional Secretarías Regionales Ministeriales de Vivienda y Urbanismo de Chile Intermedio
El Plan de Desarrollo Comunal (PLADECO) de Chile Medium term Subnacional Gobiernos municipales de Chile Local
Plan Regulador Comunal de Chile Medium term Subnacional Gobiernos municipales de Chile Local
Planes de Desarrollo Territoriales de Colombia Medium term Subnacional Departamentos y municipios de Colombia Local
Plan Regulador de Costa Rica Long term Subnacional Cantones de Costa Rica Local
Local Area Plans of Dominica Long term Subnational Parishes of Dominica Local
Development Plan of Dominica Medium term Sectorial Physical Planning Division of Dominica Nacional
Planes Urbanísticos Complementarios de Ecuador Medium term Subnacional Gobiernos regionales, provinciales, municipales y metropolitanos de Ecuador Local
Planes de Desarrollo Urbano y Rural de El Salvador Medium term Subnacional Municipios de El Salvador Local
Planes Parciales de Ordenamiento Urbano El Salvador Medium term Subnacional Municipios de El Salvador Local
Plan Municipal de Ordenamiento y Desarrollo Territorial de El Salvador Medium term Subnacional Municipios de El Salvador Local
Plan Regulador Municipal de Guatemala Medium term Subnacional Municipios de Guatemala Local
Plan de Desarrollo Municipal y Ordenamiento Territorial de Guatemala Medium term Subnacional Municipios de Guatemala Local
Town Planning Scheme of Guyana Medium term Subnational Municipal Councils of Guyana Local
Plan Communal de Développement (PCD) de Haití Long term Subnational Comunas de Haití Local
Planes Estratégicos Municipales (PEM) de Honduras Medium term Subnacional Municipios de Honduras Local
Planes Municipales de Ordenamiento Territorial de Honduras Medium term Subnacional Municipios de Honduras Local
Planes y Programas Municipales de Desarrollo Urbano en México Medium term Subnacional Entidades federativas y municipios de México Local
Plan de Desarrollo Municipal de Nicaragua Medium term Subnacional Municipios de Nicaragua Local
Plan de Ordenamiento Territorial Municipal de Nicaragua Long term Subnacional Municipios de Nicaragua Local
Plan local de Ordenamiento Territorial y Urbano Panamá Medium term Subnacional Municipios de Panamá Local
Plan Parcial de Ordenamiento Territorial de Panamá Medium term Sectorial Distritos y Corregimientos de Panamá Local
Plan de Desarrollo Sustentable del Municipio de Paraguay Medium term Subnacional Municipios de Paraguay Local
Plan de Acondicionamiento Territorial (PAT) de Perú Long term Subnacional Municipalidades provinciales del Perú Local
Planes Urbanos Locales de Perú Medium term Subnacional Municipalidades provinciales del Perú Local
Development plan of Trinidad and Tobago Long term Subnational Ministry of Housing and Urban Development of Trinidad and Tobago Local
Planes Locales de Uruguay Medium term Subnacional Intendencias municipales de Uruguay Local
Planes sectoriales de Uruguay Medium term Subnacional Gobiernos departamentales de Uruguay Local
Programas de Actuación Integrada de Uruguay Medium term Subnacional Intendencias municipales de Uruguay Local