The main regulatory framework for land planning in Grenada is the Physical Planning and Development Control (Act No. 25 of 2002), which regulates sustainable physical development of public and private lands; maintains and improves the quality of the physical environment; oversees the ordered subdivision of the land; and protects the natural and cultural heritage.
The Minister is responsible for both the planning and the execution of the law. The Head of the Physical Planning Unit will prepare a physical plan for Granada, which must be approved by the Parliament for its implementation, after its public review first. The Act establishes a Physical Planning Authority (hereinafter referred to as the Authority) that authorizes land development actions, ensures the conservation of natural and cultural heritage and manages the acquisition of land by the Government.
There are other instruments related to the Physical Planning such as the Terrestrial and Marine Management Strategy of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries. Nonetheless, the coordination and articulation between physical and sectorial planning is hindered by the following factors:
( a) limited coordination among agencies involved in public administration;
(b) existence of an integral spatial planning for the terrestrial and marine resources allocation at the national level;
(c) outdated legislation that is not consistent with current socio-economic and cultural conditions.
The territorial organization of the public administration only has two territorial instances: central and local (parishes). There is no intermediate level.